There are different pests that affect plants and destroy that which is one of the challenges of being a farmer. There are also companies https://www.guardianhome.com/pest-control-lynnwood/ amongst others that can help you control the spread of these pest. here are the main pests that affect crops are:
Recently identified, the Caterpillar Armigera has attracted the attention of farmers and researchers. In summary, it has a great potential to cause damage to cotton, corn, and soybean crops. In this way, its attack begins in the aerial part as leaves, fruits, pods, and other points of growth. In addition, the larvae of the caterpillar attack flower, seeds, and branches.
Coffee Borer (Hypothenemus Hampei)
The coffee borer acts by perforating the beans, which causes partial or total destruction on the inside. In addition, it attacks the fruit in several stages: ripe, green, raisins, or dried, still moist. In practice, it feeds on the stone and lays its eggs, where the larvae come from. However, after penetrating the grain drills, unfortunately, there is no way to carry out the control.
White Mold (Sclerotinia Sclerotiorum)
Known as White Rot, White Mold is a disease caused by a fungus that attacks different crops such as soybeans and beans. Thus, the pest agent is usually concentrated in the seeds (main means of propagation) and causes significant damage to productivity. It is worth noting that even when there is no potential host in the plot, the pest can settle in the soil for long periods due to its resistant structure. In this case, your survival can last up to ten years.
In general, the fungus action that causes White Mold is characterized by tissue lesions in the upper part of the plant, where white substances similar to cotton (mycelium) appear. Thus, after a few days, this efflorescence darkens and becomes a rigid structure called the sclerotium.
Then, at harvest time, this sclerotium falls into the soil, becoming an infestation vector for the next crop. Ultimately, it is this structure that can endure for years until it finds a new host.
Scale Insects (Dactylopius Coccus)
Cochineal is pests characterized as tiny white heaps, similar to cotton. In short, they attack gardens and can be deposited on leaves, buds, stems, or branches. However, when they feel threatened, they usually expel a carmine-colored substance (carminic acid), used by the food industry as a dye.
In short, mites are small arachnids responsible for diseases in different crops. Therefore, they develop at the bottom of the leaves, causing yellowing and wrinkles in the tissue and death of the buds.
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In this sense, there are several species of pest mites that attack different crops. Brevipalpus chilensis, for example, mainly affects kiwi and grape orchards. In soy, there are six associated species, such as the green mite and the striped mite. You can invite experts like guardian home pest control amongst others to help with the control of these pests